Quick Overview about the different types of Skin, Causes and Identification

Quick Overview about the different types of Skin, Causes and Identification

There are four basic types of healthy skin: normal, dry, oily and combination skin. Skin type is determined by genetics. The condition of our skin can vary according to certain factors.

Normal skin (Eudermic)

Normal is a term widely used to refer to well-balanced skin. Sebum and moisture are balanced and the skin is neither too oily nor too dry.


  • fine pores
  • good blood circulation
  • a velvety, soft and smooth texture
  • a fresh, rosy color uniform transparency
  • no blemishes 
  • not prone to sensitivity

Dry skin (Xerosis)

Dry is used to describe a skin type that produces less sebum than normal skin. It lacks the lipids that it needs to retain moisture and build a protective shield against external influences. Dry skin can feel tight and rough and look dull.


  • Lack of urea, amino acids and lactic acid – that help to bind in water.
  • Lack of epidermal lipids such as ceramides, fatty acids and cholesterol which are needed for a healthy skin barrier function.


Mildly dry skin can feel tight, brittle and rough and look dull. Skin elasticity is also low.

Oily skin (Seborrhea)

Oily is used to describe a skin type with heightened sebum production. Oily skin has a glossy shine and visible pores.


  • genetics
  • hormonal changes and imbalances
  • medication
  • stress
  • comedogenic cosmetics (make-up)


  • enlarged, clearly visible pores 
  • a glossy shine
  • thicker, pale skin: blood vessels may not be visible

Oily skin is prone to comedones (blackheads and whiteheads) and to the varying forms of acne.

Combination skin

Combination skin is, as the name suggests, skin that consists of a mix of skin types.

Skin types vary between the T-zone and the cheeks on combination skin.


Signs of ageing

Our skin type can evolve during our lifetime. As all skin types age, skin loses volume and density, fine lines and wrinkles appear and changes in pigmentation can occur. 

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